Human Conscious in UNO is Dead; Long Live Barbarism

Human Conscious in UNO is Dead; Long Live

Barbarism

The widespread anti-Muslim barbarism in the world; particularly in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) by India supported by Israel and callously acquiesced by US and US’ allies, is leaving no option with the oppressed Muslims but to fight back

(Printerest pictorial representation of one Barbarian Head of Govt. advising the other Barbarian Head of Govt. about the advanced techniques of extremely inhuman barbarism. Courtesy: The American social media web Printerest, Inc. https://www.pinterest.com/omniverseo/free-kashmir/).

#Tags: Human conscious, UNO, Barbarism, Kashmir, India, US, EU, Israrel

                Brigadier (Retd.) Dr. Ahsan ur Rahman Khan         

Aspects Explained

  1. The Epitaph
  2. Immensity of Anti-Muslim Barbarism by US and Its European Union (EU) Allies
  3. The Case of Israel
  4. The Case of India
  5. The Lurking Danger of Widespread Human Devastation

                                                             

The Epitaph

The phrase The King is Dead; Long Live The Kinghas been used in many countries to simultaneously inform the (ruled) subjects that the ruler is dead and the new ruler has ascended to the throne. This phrase in English is a translation of the original phrase in French Le roi est mort, vive le roi . And Robert Cecil, one of the architects of the League of Nations, famously concluded his speech at the final session of the League of Nations with the phrase: The League is dead. Long live the United Nations(1).

Under the current circumstances of the continuing and widespread anti-Muslim barbarism against all aspects of UNO’s laws and resolutions particularly in IOK and criminally acquiesced by US and its EU allies, the most appropriate epitaph to be inscribed on UNO’s tombstone, therefore, is Human Conscious in UNO is Dead; Long live Barbarism.

Immensity of Anti-Muslim Barbarism by US and Its European Union (EU) Allies        

Since details are already well-known, just few of the well-acknowledged facts which must be kept in mind are:-

  1. The perpetrators of the widespread anti-Muslim barbarism are basically those very world powers who otherwise claim to be the protectors of human rights and civilised values! After WW-2, the lead role of these perpetrators has been taken over by US, assisted by its allied European powers (UK, France, and Germany).
  2. To launch its military aggressions in different Muslim countries, US’ adopted different false pretexts like weapons of mass destruction in Iraq, war on terror, etc. In all such military aggressions US was supported by its EU allies, as also by the cowedUNO. In that context US supported by its allies launched military invasions/aggressions in Iraq, Afghanistan, Iraq again, Somali, Libya, Syria, and Yemen, etc.
  3. The human cost of these US+EU Allies military invasions/aggressions was researched as part of the Cost of War Project by Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs research center at Brown University (US). Its summary highlights:
  • At least 800,000 people have died due to direct war violence”;
  • It is likely that many times more have died indirectly in these wars, due to malnutrition, damaged infrastructure, and environmental degradation”;
  • 21 million Afghan, Iraqi, Pakistani, and Syrian people are living as war refugees and internally displaced persons, in grossly inadequate conditions”;
  • The US government is conducting counterterror activities in 80 countries, vastly expanding this war across the globe(2).
  • Another report of that Project published on 13 November 2019 mentioned that the human cost (death) only of US’ post 9/11 wars (supported by EU powers) till October 2019 has been 801,000. These included: in Afghanistan and Pakistan (October 2001- October 2019; Iraq (March 2003- October 2019); Syria (September 2014- October 2019); Yemen (October 2002- October 2019); and other (3).

It is worth noting that this figure of 801,000 human deaths due to the US+EU Allies military invasions/aggressions in Muslim countries is only of the post 9/11 wars. But when human deaths due to US+EU Allies pre-9/11 military invasions/aggressions, as also the colossal number or those who got wounded, maimed and mentally sick due to these US+EU Allies military actions all through the period of pre-9/11 till now is taken into account, the actual number of human cost of these criminal anti-Muslim barbarism of US+ EU Allies runs into millions.

And, as if that was not enough, European powers subsequently joined by US have also produced two surrogateanti-Muslim barbarian governments Israel and now India.

 The Case of Israel

After becoming a victor of WW-1 and occupier of Palestine, Britain (UK) issued its Balfour Declaration on 2 November 1917. Through that Declaration Britain allowed the establishment of a Jewish “national home” in Palestine where Jews constituted less than 10 percent of the population at the time; and allowed immigration of Jews to Palestine from other countries of the world (that process continued). However despite the fact that the Declaration mentioned “nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine”, the British mandate was set up in a way to equip Jews with the tools to establish self-rule, at the expense of the Palestinian Arabs (4).

Many factual details of that anti-Muslim crime of British (UK) government were given in online essays, published by UK’s newspaper The Guardian dated 31 May 2001. Some of those facts worth taking a note of are:-

  • The British army occupied Jerusalem on Sunday, 9 December 1917, and withdrew on 14 May 1948. Britain kept the promise made in 1917 in the Declaration “to favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people”. While nurturing the ‘national home’, a term as deliberately vague as Palestinian ‘autonomy’ is today, Britain neglected to observe the Declaration’s final clause: “that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country”.
  • Britain erected and for thirty years maintained the scaffolding that the Zionists happily tore down when their house of Israel was ready. His Majesty’s Government protected Jewish immigration, encouraged Jewish settlement, subsidised Jewish defence and protected the Yishuv, as Palestine’s minority Jewish community called itself, from the native population. Without Great Britain, there would not have been an Israel for the Yishuv, or a catastrophe – nakba in Arabic – for Palestine’s Arab majority.
  • In 1947, Britain handed the ‘Palestine problem’ to the United Nations, which voted for partition into Arab and Jewish states – both halves, as it happened, with Arab majorities. If the Yishuv’s state were to be both Jewish and democratic, more Jews would have to immigrate or many Arabs would have to leave. In 1948, most of the Arabs left, having fled the war or been expelled by the Haganah, Irgun and the Stern Gang (5).

The Haganah, Irgun and the Stern Gang, etc. were the armed Jewish militant groups created with the help of British government to attack and expel the native Arab Palestinian Muslims. The fact that His Majesty’s Government subsidised Jewish defencebesides helping in many other ways the Jews in establishing their government in Palestine, has been clearly highlighted in the report of The Guardian mentioned above. That fact has also been corroborated by the Israeli official document Mission of Israel to The UN in Geneva. The document is titled HISTORY of Israel: Timeline. In the list of events it clearly mentions: 1931 Etzel, Jewish underground organization, founded; 1941 Lehi underground movement formed; Palmach, strike force of Haganah, setup; 1944 – Jewish Brigade formed as part of British forces (6).

Thus created and supported by Britain (UK), as also supported by US and European powers, Israel became an independent country in 1948; and the Israeli Jews started massacring Palestinian Muslims and expelling them from their lands, to be occupied for Israel. The details are well-known. However some very brief extracts of a published report, of 3 January 2016 and published on 8 February 2020, still worth highlighting are (7):

  • Map showing Palestinian lands forcibly occupied by Israeli Jews from 1946 to 2010.

  • The situation in Palestine has been recently described as a Palestinian Holocaust by Palestinian scholar Dr Elias Akleh, exiled from his homeland and now living in the US.
  • About 5,100,000 Palestinians killed since 1948; post-1967 excess deaths 0.3 million; post-1967 under-5 infant deaths 0.2 million; 3,600 under-5 year old Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) infants die avoidably EACH YEAR in the OPT “Prison” due to Israeli ignoring of the Geneva Convention.
  • Professor Noam Chomsky describes the Occupied Palestinian Territory (OPT) as a highly abusive “Prison”; others use the valid term “Concentration Camp” and make parallels with the Warsaw Ghetto; one has to turn to US-guarded Vietnamese hamlets and the Nazi era atrocities to see routine, horrendously violent and deadly military policing of civilian concentration camps.
  • Currently 7 million Palestinian refugees, 4.2 million Palestinian refugees registered with the UN in the Middle East.
  • Causing serious bodily or mental harm.
  • Forcible transferring of children.

The Case of India

As for India’s anti-Muslim atrocities in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK), it has to be kept in mind that IOK Muslims started their movement in 1989 against successive Indian governments’ anti-Muslim oppression. And all through, they had to face Indian governments’ extremely inhuman barbarism. Following table shows the immensity of that barbarism meted out to IOK Muslims by Indian forces, during the period January 1989 to 31 January 2020:-

(Sufferings of IOK Muslims at the hands of Indian forces January 1989 to 31 January 2020) (8)

Total killings———————————–  95,496

Custodial killings——————————     7,136

Civilian arrested —————————– 158,506

Structures Arsoned/Destroyed———–  109,462

Women widowed —————————    22,911

Children orphaned ————————-    107,784

Women gang raped/molested ———–      11,178

However, India’s current RSS/BJP government went even beyond that on the horribly barbaric anti-Muslim rampage when on 5 August last year (2019) it militarily annexed IOK in flagrant violation of all existing resolutions of United Nation Security Council (UNSC); and most cruelly commenced IOK Muslims’ Holocaust and Ethnic Cleansing.

Since then, it is now the 7th month that the Indian RSS/BJP government all through this period has kept IOK completely locked out under continuous curfew and complete blockade of all means of communication; as also meting out extreme inhuman brutalities to the majority Muslim population of IOK through extra-judicial killings, night raids in their houses to torture/arrest thousands of boys and men, and raping women, also denying them access to medical and food facilities, etc. For that purpose Indian government has deployed its 900,000 military force (out of the 1400,000 active service force) and thousands of its militant party RSS’ goons brought from India.

It is also noteworthy that in their official and public statements India’s PM Modi, Chief of Defence Staff, Army Chief, and the ministers of Defence, External (Foreign) and Home Affairs, have declared that in the next phase India will launch military offensive to capture Pakistani administered Kashmir (AJK) and Northern Area (Baltistan and Gilgit). Indian PM Modi has also declared in his public speech that after militarily annexing Pakistani administered AJK and Northern Area India will divert the river waters flowing from those areas to Pakistan. And, obviously, by annexing the Pakistani Northern Area India will also scuttle the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) which enters from China in Pakistan through Northern Area. Since scuttling of CPEC is the much desired objective of US and its close Allies too; hence that objective of India provides the confluence of strategic objectives of India, US and its close Allies.

One clearly marked feature of the reaction of the governments of US and its Allies in UNO, to the continued extreme ant-Muslim barbarism on IOK Muslims and open violation of UNSC resolutions by India, is that of their tacit support of India’s RSS/BJP government in these acts through their criminal acquiescence limiting their response to merely showing concernand passing of resolutions.

And, another closest US ally Israel is even supporting India by providing its assistance to India in the form of military high-tech and barbarism techniques like use of pallet guns on Muslim protestors including women and children. This article’s title printerest picture pictorially represents that crime against humanity.

There are three unmistakably discernible reasons for that behavior particularly of US and its major Allies in EU: First, these farcical claimants of the protectors of human rights actually prefer to protect their economic interests in India’s large economic market, and not the human rights of the so inhumanly oppressed. Second, the confluence of their strategic interest of scuttling the CPEC as part of their strategic anti-China design in which India is US’ strategic partner. Third, those who are so inhumanly oppressed by India’s RSS/BJP government are Muslims!

In the meanwhile India’s RSS/BJP government has also announced the implementation of the highly controversial Citizenship Amendment Act (CAA) and National Register of Citizens (NRC). Much has been covered by the media about these act/law. In essence, it is well-acknowledged that these act/laws are factually the tools of RSS/BJP government to ultimately deprive the Indian born Muslims and Christians of the citizenship of India and force them to leave India by putting them in detention campsand facing other sufferings. Following facts provide the understanding of this phenomenon.

One of those facts is the long prevailing philosophy of Hindutva, which is the driving force of RSS/BJP government policies. That philosophy can best be understood from the book of V. D. Savarkr, who initiated that philosophy. That book is titled Essentials of Hindutva. It was written by Savarkar sometimes between the years 1921-1922 and was later published under the pseudo name ‘A Mahratta’. It spans 55 pages; and is a rather philosophical discourse proclaiming the supremacy of Hindu race and its culture. However, it is important to note that the meaning of ‘Hindutva’ given in certain encyclopedia/dictionary as ‘Hinduism’ or ‘Hinduness’ is different from the meaning given by Savarkar himself – and obviously only the meaning given by him is correct. He has discussed it under the heading Hindutva is different from Hinduism. The actually ingrained notion of this philosophy can easily be discerned from Savarkar’s explanation Hindutva embrases all the departments of thought and activity of the whole Being of our Hindu race (p. 4 of his book).  And, most importantly, the ingrained aggressive spirit and objectives to be achieved are given on page 54 of his book, where he asserted Thirty crores of people, with India for their basis of operation, for their Fatherland and for their Holyland with such a history behind them, bound together by ties of a common blood and common culture can dictate their terms to the whole world. A day will come when mankind will have to face the force (9).

In essence, the researched data and inferences presented by a number of credible scholars, historians and academics clearly make it evident that factually the philosophy of Hindutva is a combination of the racial and religious extremism, Hindu supremacy, non-tolerance of non-Hindus, and an ingrained hostility against Muslims.

Application of this philosophy in India effectively came to the fore when RSS/BJP gained political power in the country. The RSS started the countrywide movement Dharm Jagran Samiti(forcibly converting Indian Muslim and Christians to Hindu religion). In 2014 the RSS leader Rajeshwar Singh who was Uttar Pradesh state’s head of that movement announced that Muslims and Christians will have to convert to Hinduism if they want to stay in this country”; “Our target is to make India a Hindu Rashtra by 2021. The Muslims and Christians don’t have any right to stay here. So they would either be converted to Hinduism or forced to run away from here. That announced objective was published even by UK’ Daily Mail Online dated 19 December 2014 (10). His similar statement of this RSS/BJP objective was also conveyed through his video message that We will finish Islam and Christianity in India by 31 December 2021(11).

And now that RSS/BJP has gained almost 2/3 of parliament seats to form a still more powerful government in 2019, they have commenced targeting the non-Hindus, through CAA and NRC.

As for the NRC, it requires Indian citizens to produce afresh the official documents like birth certificate, passport, etc. to prove that they are Indian citizen. It is obvious that with such lower status of literacy and social awareness, people of India are not aware of the importance of such documents right from the time of birth of the child. According to this law, those who fail to produce such official documents will not be considered Indian citizen and will be put in detention camps for deportation some of such detention camps have already been made ready in the country.

In that context the article of Edmond Roy who is an Indian journalist and ABC’s South Asia correspondent, published on 16 December 2019 by Lowy institute (the Australia-based independent think tank which conducts research in international political, strategic and economic issues) provides the details for understanding the actualitiesof CAA and NRC. Some excerpts of his article worth noting are: about CAA he asserts A new law that threatens to exclude Muslims from citizenship”; about the application of CAA and NRC in India he foretells For India’s 200 million Muslims and other minorities, what is happening now in Assam and Jammu and Kashmir is a harbinger of what is bound to come their way”; and he also informs that BJP leaders have been using inflammatory and dehumanising language to describe Muslims. Home minister and BJP president Amit Shah has described them as “termites” and claimed the NRC would be used to “remove them”. Last month, Amit Shah went further, the NRC he said would be used to make another count of citizens, this time across the nation. In other words, a clampdown on the 200 million Muslims who call India home(12).

There are reports of widespread public (including Muslims and non-Muslims) protests in India against the application of CAA and NRC. However, Indian government is brutally crushing these protests through police, military force, as also the government-supported gangs of the RSS goons. Keeping in view the massive strength of India’s military, paramilitary/police forces, the armed RSS goons, as also the RSS goons’ subjugatedIndian Supreme and lower courts, there are lesser chances of the protesting masses’ success in compelling India’s RSS/BJP government to rescind the CAA and NRC.

The Lurking Danger of Widespread Human Devastation

All these undeniable ground realities clearly indicate the lurking danger of the widespread human disaster around the world.

The continued barbaric brutalities meted out to the Muslims in Africa, Middle East, and Afghanistan by US and its EU Allies and in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK) by RSS/BJP government of India, have already heightened the hatred in these oppressed Muslims against their oppressors. However, these oppressors (US, its EU Allies and RSS/BJP India), being military-power drunkare still continuing with the anti-Muslim barbarism may be thinking that their military might is invincible.

But they are neglecting the fact that when even the much poorly equipped oppressed masses in desperation choose to fight the oppressors irrespective of the cost, their urging to fighthuman mind is much more powerful than the weapons of the oppressors. That is because in that do or dieframe of mind the oppressed masses are free of the fear of death. There are many examples in that context. Just to quote one, is that of the well-acknowledged success of the oppressed people’s militia Hezbollah in beating off the ‘renowned to be invincible’ Israeli Defence Forces (IDF)’s attack on Lebanon and compelling the IDF to withdraw from Lebanon with bleeding nosein 2006 (The Second Lebanon War). That reality was acknowledged even by the Israeli newspaper HAARETZ dated 12 July 2016. The title of its article was Israel’s Second Lebanon War Remains a Resounding Failure. And some of the noteworthy extracts of that article were: “The Second Lebanon War remains a resounding failure. Anyone who denies this ignores three reasons for the calm since”; “Hezbollah’s accurate rockets aimed at Tel Aviv and Haifa helped deter Netanyahu as he considered a strike on Iranand, The big question mark is the effectiveness of such moves, impressive as they may be, on Hezbollah’s fighting spirit. The army considers something the public may not necessarily realize – missiles and rocket fire will continue until a cease-fire is achieved, and the damage to the home front will be unprecedented, even if the damage to Lebanon is substantially larger(13).

And yet again Israel, strongly supported by US as also by its EU Allies, is continuing with its aforementioned extreme anti-Muslim barbarism against the Palestinian Muslims, and also continuing its militarism in Syria. In the case of Palestine, the masses’ militia Hamas is confronting the state terrorism of Israel+US. This area in the Middle East has thus become a dangerous hotspot to the extent in which an explosive outbreak of desperate asymmetric war, by Hamas, Palestinian masses and their battle-worthy regional supporters to fight the Israeli+US’ barbaric terrorism, is becoming more and more probable. If that happens, it is bound to cause huge devastation in the region. Palestinians will certainly suffer a lot, but they are used to face sufferings. However Israel may have to pay heavier cost due to its weaknesses as acknowledged in the aforementioned article published by Israeli newspaper HAARETZ: Israel knows that Hezbollah can rain 1,500 rockets and missiles down on the home front daily. And it’s aware of the vulnerability of its power stations, ports and airports, and its missile-defense system’s inability to totally protect Israelis(14). US too is bound to suffer beyond its expectations, because in that spread-out asymmetric war the supporters of Palestinians are most likely to also target US’ military bases and deployments in the region.

One the other hand, the RSS/BJP anti-Muslim barbarism in Indian Occupied Kashmir (IOK), however, has converted the south Asian region into the hottest spot in the world. That is so because of two reasons:-

Firstly, emboldened by the continued criminal acquiescence of US and its EU Allies indicating tacit approval of anti-Muslim barbarism in IOK, India’s RSS/BJP government has no intention to even lift the curfew lock down of IOK; rather, it is determined to continue with its barbaric brutalities to complete the task of crushing the will of IOK Muslims to resist Indian design of colonising IOK and changing its demography to become Hindu majority. Otherwise too, after years of stimulating anti-Muslim hatred in India’s Hindu masses and having brought these Hidutva-brainwashedmasses to this pitch of violent mindset, it is almost impossible for the RSS/BJP government to rescind its anti-Muslim actions in IOK.

Secondly, for similar reasons India’s RSS/BJP government is most likely to also implement its officially and publically announced plan to attack Pakistan to capture and annex Pakistani administered Kashmir (AJK and Northern Area). India may do so after completing the task of finally crushing IOK Muslims (if that is possible); or, earlier than that, if by some chance the now widespread protests in India’s own states become unmanageable threatening to destabilise India itself.

However, on the other side of the coin, there is also the undeniable possibility of an ultimate violent and widespread masses’ uprising of IOK Muslims. That is strongly indicated by the fact that, despite the massive presence and brutalities of Indian troops and continuing curfew for over six months now, the occurrence of IOK Muslims’ defiance of curfew and protests is still continuing. That aspect is due to the fact that the present day IOK Muslim generation, especially the youth, are the third generation of those who have all through their life have experienced Indian forces inhuman brutalities; therefore most likely they have become free of the fear of death. On the other hand, as published by most international media, Indian military and police personnel in IOK are known for suffering from low morale and serious mental stress to the extent that as many as 423 Indian military and police personnel deployed in IOK had committed suicide during the period January 2007 to April 2019 (15). Even in its editorial dated 31 December 2017 the Indian newspaper The Statesman has highlighted the serious level of low morale in all the three military services of India, mostly mentioning those military and police personnel deployed in IOK and north-eastern states. That editorial mentioned covering just about the tree years, period (2014 – 2017) that: Information furnished to the apex legislature speaks of 425 suicides since 2014: with the Army losing nine officers and 326 soldiers, the Air Force five officers and 67 airmen and the Navy two officers and 16 sailors. Any suggestion that all of these were triggered by personal factors would be negated by the response to another query which revealed that during the same three-year time span 803 Army officers and 38,150 officers soldiers had sought premature retirement(16). It is therefore highly probable that whenever the violent and widespread masses’ uprising of IOK Muslims occurs, though there will certainly be massive bloodletting and human devastation, it will surely be very difficult for the Indian forces to face that uprising.

As for the repeated Indian official and public declaration of launching its military offensive to capture and annex Pakistani administered Kashmir (AJK and Northern Area), three undeniable aspects are noteworthy: (a) Indian economy is on the downslide these days, but Pakistan’s economy is comparatively much smaller and weaker; thus clearly indicating that Pakistan cannot afford a prolonged military conflict; Pakistan will have no option but to go for a short and swift war, preferably in the preemptive mode; (b) Indian armed forces (Army, Air Force, Navy) are suffering from acute low morale and lack of battle-worthiness; whereas Pakistan armed forces are well-acknowledged to be battle-hardened, highly professional, in high state of morale and with a keen urge to fight the Indian oppressors; (c) Indian air Force and air defence missile system are suffering from serious military high-tech inferiority in comparison with Pakistan, as proved during the 27th February last year’s India-Pakistan air force and missile battle, as also admitted by the Indian Air Force Chief in his published statement.

In view of India’s RSS/BJP government’s much pronounced adamancy to launch the war on Pakistan, Pakistan cannot take any chances but to be fully ready for it. Keeping in view the abovementioned aspects, there are higher chances of Pakistan’s success in not only beating off Indian offensive but also taking the war into Indian territories through strong and swift preemptive or riposte. In all eventualities, there are also higher chances that during that war IOK Muslims will also get rid of Indian occupation. However such a war will result in widespread human and material devastation in both countries. Besides that, it cannot be ruled out that the war may also entail India-Pakistan nuclear conflict. That nuclear conflict will cause immense human devastation not only in this region but the resulting radioactive clouds will spread that devastation throughout the world, as explained by the US’ scientists. That eventuality will be very unfortunate, but what can Pakistan do when human conscious in UNO is dead, and anti-Muslim barbarism is applied in the world by US, its EU Allies, Israel, and India, clearly reflecting the negative aspects of their national character.             

References

(1).https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_king_is_dead,_long_live_the_king!

(2). https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/papers/summary

(3).https://watson.brown.edu/costsofwar/files/cow/imce/papers/2019/Direct%20War%20Deaths%20COW%20Estimate%20November%2013%202019%20FINAL.pdf

(4).https://www.aljazeera.com/indepth/features/2017/10/100-years-balfour-declaration-explained-171028055805843.html

(5). https://www.theguardian.com/books/2001/may/31/londonreviewofbooks

(6).https://embassies.gov.il/UnGeneva/AboutIsrael/history/Pages/History-Israel-Timeline.aspx

(7). https://defence.pk/pdf/threads/palestinian-genocide-5-100-000-palestinians-have-been-killed-since-1948.416222/

(8). https://kmsnews.org/news/category/news/

(9).http://savarkar.org/en/encyc/2017/5/23/2_12_12_04_essentials_of_hindutva.v001.pdf_1.pdf

(10). https://www.dailymail.co.uk/indiahome/indianews/article-2879597/We-free-India-Muslims-Christians-2021-DJS-leader-vows-continue-ghar-wapsi-plans-restore-Hindu-glory.html

(11). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZTGZ0MdWbxI

(12).https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/india-citizenship-amendment-bill-descent-theocracy

(13).https://www.haaretz.com/israel-news/.premium.MAGAZINE-israels-second-lebanon-war-remains-a-resounding-failure-1.5407519

(14). ibid.

(15).https://www.urdupoint.com/en/pakistan/two-indian-soldiers-commit-suicide-in-occupie-582369.html

(16).https://www.thestatesman.com/opinion/an-unhappy-army-1502554878.html

Brigadier (Retd.) Dr. Ahsan ur Rahman

Brigadier (Retd.) Dr. Ahsan ur Rahman Khan is a retired officer of Pakistan Army; a graduate of Command & Staff College and a post-graduate of National Defence College; with Command, General Staff, and rich battlefields experience of war; had to retire due to heart ailment; a post-retirement PhD from University of Peshawar, with the thesis relating to Afghanistan; a published free-lance research/analyst; chose to be a post-retirement teacher; lectured in Social Sciences in the universities of the twin cities of Islamabad and Rawalpindi for about 11 years; and now house-bound due to health reason, retaining his passion for research/analysis.

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